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National Groundhog Day 2023 – Fun Facts – Folklore and Weather Prediction

February 2 is recognized as National Groundhog Day and celebrated through out the country as a fun way to predict spring. Each year, millions of people await the prediction from Punxsutawney Phil to learn how long our winter will last.

Are you curious about what a national day is? Find out all about these special days in this national days guide.

It is fun to discover more about unusual animals, like the groundhog, by giving them national days so we can honor them. Check out National Ferret Day for another fun national animal day. That day is a national day celebrated in April.

Much of the country is covered in snow in early February, and many people have had enough of winter. It is no wonder that a common question on National Groundhog Day is “will the groundhog see his shadow at Gobbler’s Knob on February 2?”

Groundhog in sun and chalkboard with Groundhog Day images and text reading What will the weather be on February 2?

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What does it mean if the groundhog sees his shadow on National Groundhog Day?

According to folklore, the groundhog is seen as a sort of weather predictor on February 2 each year.

Tradition tells us that, if the day is a sunny one and the groundhog sees his shadow, he will be scared and will retreat back into his burrow. This means that winter weather will last at least another six weeks.

On the other hand, if the day is cloudy when the groundhog emerges from his burrow, this means that he will come out to stay, and spring will be early that year.

Anyone who loves to garden, like us, will be cheering for Phil to come out of his burrow to very cloudy skies. Are you ready for spring so that you can get out in the garden?Gate with arch reading Gobbler's Knob and groundhogs.

Although several states have adopted their own groundhog for this day, the official groundhog is thought to be Punxsutawney Phil, who lives at Gobbler’s Knob near Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania.

Thousands of people have visited the town over the years to take part in the various groundhog festivities that take place there on February 2.

In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, modern customs involve early morning celebrations to watch the groundhog emerge from its burrow. There are also other day long festivities happening, as well.

This year marks the 137th trek to Punxsutawney, Pa for the festivities, which makes Phil quite an old groundhog!

The activities include lots of food being served, with skits and plays being performed. Of course, Phil the groundhog is presented to the crowd as the weather is predicted.Groundhog sitting in the grass.

Did your parents ever talk about Groundhog Day when you were growing up?

In 1993 the movie Groundhog Day, starring Bill Murray, brought more attention to the holiday.

Murray played the part of a weatherman, covering Groundhog Day festivities in PA., who found himself in a time loop where the same day was repeated over and over.

The history of Groundhog Day

The tradition of National Groundhog Day dates back to the arrival of early German settlers in Pennsylvania. They had a tradition that predicted if the sun was shining on Candlemas Day (February 2) – the snow would still be falling in May.

Some early settlers even adopted groundhogs, which were plentiful in the area at this time, as harbingers of the weather. This poem tells us of the tradition:

If Candlemas be fair and bright,
Winter has another flight.
If Candlemas brings clouds and rain,
Winter will not come again.A groundhog in his den in the snow.

Weather forecast for Punxsutawney, PA on Groundhog Day

The weather prediction for February 2, 2023 in Punxsutawney, PA calls for snow flurries and snow showers and a high of 31° F. This means that we will have to wait to see if Phil sees his shadow!

Since Phil doesn’t always do what the weather man says he’ll likely do, who knows whether he will see his shadow on National Groundhog Day or not?

Weather report for Punxsutawney, PA for groundhog day, 2023

Movies and books about Groundhog Day

Watching movies and reading books about Groundhog Day is a relaxing and fun way to spend a cold winter day indoors.

There are lots of versions of Groundhog Day movies to choose from. You can also pick books for adults or for children. Even Groundhog day coloring books have been produced.

Other fun facts about Punxsutawney Phil, the groundhog

There are lots of fun facts associated with Punxsutawney Phil. Including, when Phil decided during the prohibition years, that there would be 60 more weeks of winter if he were not allowed a drink!

Brush up on your knowledge of the world’s most famous groundhog with these other Groundhog Day facts.Groundhog peeking out of burrow in snow.

  • Phil has been predicting the weather sine the late 1880s!
  • Phil has a wife named Phyllis.
  • Punxsutawney Phil hangs out at the local town library.
  • The Punxsutawney Groundhog Club’s inner circle, of which there are 15 members, is responsible for Phil.
  • Phil was reportedly named after King Phillip
  • Other names for Phil are “Seer of Seers”, “Sage of Sages”, “Prognosticator of Prognosticators”, and “Weather Prophet Extraordinary”.
  • According to folklore, there is only one Punxsutawney Phil – he says all the others are impostors!

How many times has the groundhog been right in predicting the weather?

Various reports say that Phil is correct about 47% of the time. So, we might be as lucky finding out when spring will come by flipping a coin, but a groundhog sure is a cuter way to predict spring!

Some reports, such as those from Stormfax Almanac are as low as 39% accuracy.Groundhog holding a blackboard with words Groundhog day February 2 and question mark about spring..

Punxsutawney Phil live stream

Visit PA has a live stream where you can watch the day’s proceedings, Phil’s arrival and more. If you can’t go in person to the event, watching the stream is a fun way to keep updated.

Check out the live stream for Punxsutawney Phil’s forecast here.

Ways to celebrate National Groundhog Day

Would you like to celebrate this Groundhog Day in a special way? Try one of these ideas.

  • Get our free Groundhog Day word search printable and find the words related to the holiday in it!
  • Head to Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania to join the festivities for National Groundhog Day.
  • Invite friends over for breakfast so that you can all check out the “weather forecast” at the same time. Groundhog shaped pancakes should be on the menu, but be sure not to serve sunny side up eggs!
  • Have a marathon viewing party of the movie Groundhog day to enjoy it all day long.
  • Wear a groundhog day T shirt.
  • Make a Groundhog Day mulligan stew.
  • Go on a nature walk and be on the lookout for groundhogs, also known as woodchucks.
  • Read your kids the book Groundhog Day.
  • Do the word search puzzle for February to see if you can find Groundhog Day in it.
  • Drink your coffee in a Groundhog Day mug.

Pin this post about National Groundhog Day for later

Would you like a reminder of this post for about Punxsutawney Phil? Just pin this image to one of your holiday boards on Pinterest so that you can easily find it later.Punxsutawney Phil predicting the weather for National Groundhog day

Image source Wikimedia Commons

Be sure to check out this post to discover more about the national days in February.

Admin note: This post first appeared on the blog in February of 2017. I have updated the post to add new photos, a printable coloring sheet, additional facts about Punxsutawney Phil and a video for you to enjoy.

Groundhog printable

Looking for an activity to do for Groundhog Day? Why not get in some adult coloring with this fun printable of a groundhog ready for spring?

Yield: 1 printable

Groundhog Day Coloring Sheet

Words groundhog day.

If you are bored with winter and looking for an activity for groundhog day, why not print this image and add some color to it?

Adult coloring is both relaxing and fun. This groundhog is all set for spring, even if the weather isn't.

Prep Time 5 minutes
Active Time 30 minutes
Total Time 35 minutes
Difficulty easy
Estimated Cost $1


  • Heavy card stock paper
  • Coloring pens


  • Deskjet printer


  1. Insert cardstock paper in printer and print out the printable below.
  2. Use coloring pens to color the image. Groundhog figure in flowers and nature to color.

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